A Git and Github Cheatsheet for developers || Git CLI Cheatsheet for beginners to advance

Mohit Jaisal
3 min readMay 4, 2021

GIT is the most widely used distributed open-source Version Control System that allows you to track and manage changes made to the files locally on your computer.

However, the tool is so powerful and extensive enough to get lost in all the possible commands it has.

Hence, based on my own experience, here’s a compilation of the GIT cheat sheet
which is the most important and commonly used GIT commands for easy reference.

Here, you can download GIT for all platforms.



From existing data,

  • git init creates a new repository in the current directory
  • git add . add all the latest changes to the next commit
cd ~/projects/myprojectgit initgit add .


From existing repo

  • git clone is used to clone a repository from a remote server
git clone ~/existing/repo ~new/repogit clone you@host:dir/project.git (default protocol is ssh)

A single branch from an existing repo

git clone --single-branch -b <BranchName> <RepoLink>.

Remote repository for existing local data

mkdir repo.git && cd repo.gitgit init --bare[--shared=group]


Fetch the latest changes from the origin

git fetch (this does not merge them)

Pull latest changes from origin

git pull (does a fetch followed by a merge)

Apply a patch that someone sent you

git am -3 patch.mbox (In case of conflict, resolve the conflict and)git am --resolve


Commit all local changes

git commit -a

Commit previously staged changes

git commit -m "descriptive message"

Prepare a patch for other developers

git format-patch origin

Push changes to the origin

git push [origin][branch]

Make a version or a milestone

git tag <version_name>


Switch to the BRANCH branch

git checkout <BRANCH>

Merge branch B1 into branch B2

git checkout <B2>git merge <B1>

Create a branch based on HEAD

git branch <BRANCH>

Create a branch based on another

git checkout <new><base>

Delete a branch

git branch -d <branch>


Return to the last committed state

git checkout -f | git reset --hard (you cannot undo a hard reset)

Revert the last commit

git revert HEAD (Creates a new commit)

Revert specific commit

git revert $id (Creates a new commit)

Fix the last commit

git commit -a --amend (after editing the broken files)

Check out the ID version of a file

git checkout <ID><file>


Remove the previous origin

git remote remove originrm -r -fo .git


Files changed in the working directory

git status

Changes to tracked files

git diff

Changes between ID1 and ID2

git diff <ID1><ID2>

History of changes

git log

History of changes with files changed

git whatchanged

Who changed what and when in a file

git blame <file>

A commit identifies by ID

git show <ID>

A specific file from a specific ID

git diff <ID>:<file>

All local branches

git branch (star "*" marks the current branch)

Search for patterns

git grep<pattern>[path]


  • master is the default development branch
  • origin is the default upstream repository
  • HEAD is the current branch

That’s it from me today. I hope this cheat sheet helps you with some of the problems you may encounter along the way.

Certainly, it does not cover all the things, but it’s a good article, to begin with.

Thanks for reading and let me know about your favorite Git commands in response to this article and share it with your friends and colleagues.